Approximate Expenditure Breakdown in the Apparel Industry

The garment sector is supported by a wide variety of different businesses. A garment pricing sheet contains all pertinent data about a given garment. By examining a garment’s costing sheet, a manufacturer can determine whether or not making the clothes will be profitable and what kinds of supplies will be needed. 

Aside from the industry’s management and marketing team, no one else would know the wholesale pricing. Providing the final price of raw materials to buyers and consumers is a complex and risky process. The design/product development team, the production team, and the management team are all working on this together. 

In the realm of management, one of the most crucial decisions is the final costing. If prices are set too high, potential customers may be discouraged from making a purchase, while if demand is too low, the industry may fail to recoup its initial investment, resulting in a loss. 

While developing a design and creating a designer cost sheet, where the costing of fabric and materials is done, the designer must have a thorough understanding of the design’s production process and all the steps that go into creating the final cost sheet, which in turn has a significant impact on the apparel or fashion industry. The consumer clothing industry lacks a transparent clothing manufacturing cost estimation

Expense factors in the clothing industry

The apparel industry is one that relies heavily on pricing. Discussed below are all direct influences on garment pricing.

  • Fabric consumption

The primary factor in garment prices is the quantity of fabric required. All the necessary fabric must be consumed and priced, with a minimum wastage of five percent (for woven fabric) to ten percent (for knit fabric).

  • Detailed measurements and minimum order required

Important factors in determining clothing prices are the sizes you need and the amount you plan to order. Depending on factors like size and purchase amount, clothing prices can be inconsistent.

  • Cost of yarn 

Yarn counts 16, 8, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, and 40 are commercially available, with 30 being the maximum recommended count.

Yarn with 30 skeins costs about $5.80 per kilogram. For Yarns with a count greater than 30, there is a rule of pricing variation. Each additional count below 30 resulted in a loss of 0.05 cents, or $0.05 total.

  • Cost of Knitting 

  • A kilogram of 100% cotton single jersey costs $0.15
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton 1×1 rib costs $0.20
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton pique costs $0.20-0.23
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton interlock costs $0.26
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton French Terri costs $0.28
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton fleece costs $0.31
  • A kilogram of 100% cotton fleece costs $0.36
  • A kilogram of 95% cotton 
  • 5% lycra costs $0.53
  • Dyeing price 

The main types of yarn dye are: 

  • Dye with a reaction 

Applicable to the cost of a blanket made of 100% cotton The average color fetches $1.15-1.21 per kilogram, the white/light color $0.70-0.77, and the black color $1.53-2.15 per kilogram. 

  • Colorant dye 

All-Colour 100% Polestar Used $1.80/Kg Prices range from $1.28 per kilogram for a single portion of polestar dye to $1.15 per kilogram for cotton, with a total of $1.80 per kilogram for two portions of polestar dye.

  • Additional expense during fabrication (approximately)

  • Brushing: $0.38/kg for one side brush and $0.51/kg for both sides
  • Peaching (glaze hand feels on fabric): $0.23/kg
  • Heat setting (5-chamber heat setting machine): $0.32/kg (heat setting is a system for fixed up the elasticity of the fabric, elasticity fixed up depending on fabric & use 
  • An enzyme with grey fabric: $0.20/kg
  • Use of a thread for sewing

An average best material for making hoodies uses 140 meters per item, long pants or trousers 370 meters per item, a basic shirt uses 175 meters per item, shorts use 300 meters per item, and a basic jacket uses 350 meters per item (always allow an extra 25%).

  • Trim price 

Things like buttons, interfacing, lace, tape (twill, velvet, satin, etc.), tags, price clips, and teeth graters.

  • Price of printing

There are many different printing processes that can be used, such as 

  • Pigment print
  • Reactive print
  • Puff print
  • Foil print
  • Flock print
  • Rubber print
  • High-density print
  • Gel print
  • Glitter print
  • Sugar print
  • Discharge print
  • Water-based print
  • Sublimation print
  • Photo print
  • Radium print
  • Crack print
  • Heat transfer print 

Reasons for higher or lower print costs include print size, print quality, and the number of colors used. The cost per dozen for 4×4 cm in rubber print is $4.30, for plastisol, it’s $6.00, for pigment it’s $3.30, for flock it’s $8.50, for high density it’s $7.50, for puff it’s $5.00, for discharge it’s $6.50, for transfer print it’s $10.00, and for foil, it’s $7.00.

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